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Pros – Cons of legalizing marijuana

Complete:

This week – Unit 5, you will write a comprehensive APA analysis paper utilizing all the knowledge you have gained in CCJ 2200. Use what you have learned from the READ and ATTEND sections throughout the course (including Unit 5) and at least three scholarly sources to address the items listed below. Use in-text citations, and do not self-plagiarize from the previous weeks.

For your Unit 5 Complete assignment, write a narrative essay in which you address and discuss the question(s) and statement(s) listed below. Use at least three scholarly sources and remember to demonstrate a thorough understanding of the READ and ATTEND sections from the textbook in your essay. Cite your sources in APA format. The following week’s “Complete” assignment will reflect material covered in the aforementioned chapters.

  •  For your Unit 5 Complete assignment, write a narrative essay (minimum 1200 words) in which you address and discuss the questions and statements listed below. Cite your sources in 7th edition APA format.

 

Over the last five weeks, you have read, learned, and discussed many elements of the drug problem plaguing our nation-state and global communities as well. Whether from Golden Triangle of Southeast Asia, Golden Crescent of Southwest Asia, or marijuana fields of Central and South America, almost no families are without the personal and financial impact of these ever-changing issues.

The opioid abuse problem that is currently gripping our country sees no end in sight, and there are recent developments in certain states to legalize marijuana. Marijuana is legal in 11 states for adults over the age of 21, and legal for medical use in 33 states; however, under the Federal Controlled Substance Act, it is still illegal. With that being said, please answer the following question(s):

 

In detail, take a position for or against the legalization of marijuana.

  • Discuss the pros and cons of your position.
  • Pick a specific state which has legalized marihuana and examine whether legalization has benefited or hurt the state.
  • Utilize your textbook and Internet source(s) to support your position.
  • In detail, take a position for or against the legalization of marijuana.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of your position.
  • Pick a specific state which has legalized marihuana and examine whether legalization has benefited or hurt the state.
  • Utilize your textbook and Internet source(s) to support your position.

Drugs in Society – Unit 4

Discussion:

Currently there is critical attention being paid to the asset forfeiture laws and procedures in place legally and that have been employed by law enforcement for some time now. These laws allow law enforcement to seize assets accumulated with the use of proceeds and profits from drug trafficking, for the purposes of this course. (There are similar procedures for fraud, environmental crimes, etc.)  Criticism is being aimed at law reinforcement’s abuse of the process and a focus on “financing” the basic responsibility of enforcing the drug control laws on the books.  If my statements aren’t too confusing, respond.  Are the criticisms valid?  Does law enforcement focus on the “prizes” rather than on the duty to enforce the law?  Is asset forfeiture a reasonable tool to fight the drug problem?  Can it be abused.

In your opinion, how effective has “source control” been?

This week’s material consists of Chapters 9, 10, and 11.

 Note:  For each unit, our instructor would like us to utilize the ATTEND/READ sections (either/or) as one of our references/citations, and to show information from whichever source is used. Two (2) references are required for Discussion posts and three (3) are required for complete assignments. The reference is listed as follows: 

Levinthal, C.F. & Loving, L. B. (2020). Drugs, society, and criminal justice (5th ed.) Pearson Education [Video]. V Camp. https://betheluniversityonline.net/

 Please access the school library and use some of the books or articles there for references. The textbook counts as a reference USE IT PLEASE! USE IT PLEASE!

Each initial discussion post will require a minimum of 250 words and your two follow-up discussion posts must be at least 100 words each.  For the Complete section, there is a minimum word count of 1,200 words total for the four questions.

Week 5 Assignment 2 – Crime Scene Investigation Walk-Through

Overview

When you arrive on the scene of a crime, you must follow certain procedures to ensure the admissibility of evidence. For this assignment, you will use a case file of a real crime scene and assume the role of the crime scene investigator. You will create a presentation in which you document your process, present your findings, and provide an evaluation of the scene in a narrated PowerPoint or presentation tool of your choice.

To help you prepare for this assignment, use the Mock Crime Scene to review the steps of evaluating a crime scene.
Instructions

Choose one of the following cases from your textbook resource:

“He Hit Her Until She Fell… and That Was Just the Beginning,” Brandl, pp. 363–373.
“A Mutilation Murder,” Brandl, p. 670. (my choice)

Then, create a 5–10 minute presentation in which you:

Identify the tools you used to evaluate the crime scene. Provide a rationale for your choices.
Outline the steps you took to secure the crime scene.
Describe the techniques and procedures you used to process the crime scene, including a list of the evidence collected. Explain the reasons for your procedures.
Describe the steps you took to preserve the evidence and provide an explanation for your process.
Provide photos of the crime scene.
Create a crime scene map that illustrates the crime scene upon arrival.
Narrate your presentation to walk the audience through the crime scene.
Use at least two quality sources and cite them on a references slide. You are encouraged to use Basic Search: Strayer University Online Library to find academic resources. Note: Wikipedia and similar websites do not qualify as academic resources.

This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment is:

Evaluate crime scenes using procedures appropriate for the situation.

Criminal Justice Report

Report writing is an important aspect of your responsibilities as a criminal justice professional. For this assignment, you will review a scenario and complete a report commonly found in a particular criminal justice profession.

Review the four following options and choose one to complete this assignment. For your chosen option, review the associated scenario and complete the provided report template:

SCENARIO:
Option 4: Adult Parole and Probation Officer

Scenario: Read the following scenario:

The defendant, Lindsey Nahol, entered Sparkle Jewelry and asked the sales clerk to show her several pieces of expensive jewelry. When the clerk turned his back, the defendant slipped a diamond necklace into her purse and walked toward the exit. When the security guard attempted to stop the defendant, she kicked and scratched him. With help from the store clerk, the security guard restrained the defendant and held her in a room until the local police arrived and placed her under arrest for robbery. Ms. Nahol has been in jail for 60 days and has pleaded guilty to robbery and assault and battery. Judge Fairmont has requested a pre-sentence investigation and report.

The pre-sentence investigation reveals that Ms. Nahol, now 30, has been involved in the criminal justice system since she was 14, when she was adjudicated for car theft, for which she was placed on juvenile probation. She violated her probation but subsequently completed a 36-month probational term. As an adult, Ms. Nahol has been sentenced three times for various crimes including shoplifting, burglary, and possession of a controlled substance. She successfully completed her probation for these offenses one year ago. Ms. Nahol states that she stole a car when she was 14 because she wanted her friends to think that she was cool and that this is also why she started using drugs. As for the security officer, during the interview, Ms. Nahol stated that she was defending herself and standing her ground, because the security guard grabbed her first, when he was trying to prevent her from leaving the store.

Ms. Nahol has her high school diploma. She has not spoken to any of her family members in more than a year but states that she has very close friends who let her stay at their house anytime she wants. She spends her time thinking about her future and is interested in earning her degree in criminal justice from Strayer University and becoming a juvenile probation officer.

The prosecutor has asked for five years in prison, followed by five years of probation. The defense attorney has asked for time served plus two years of probation.

Report Template: Pre-Sentence Investigation Report (Adult) [PDF]

https://blackboard.strayer.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/CRJ/CRJ499/210100/Course_Files/cf_crj499_w3_Pre-Sentence%20Investigation%20Report%20(Adult)_fillable.pdf

Instructions:

Once you have chosen one of the options and reviewed the scenario and required report template, complete the report template in which you:

Fill out the report with the specific information provided in the scenario.

Fill out the report in its entirety, making the necessary assumptions and/or creating needed details not included in the scenario.

Articulate the circumstances of the scenario in the narrative portion of the report, as appropriate.

Use concise and clear language and an appropriate voice to communicate the factual information effectively.

The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is:
Prepare common criminal justice reports that communicate effectively with a range of audiences and use appropriate information technology.

Drugs in society

1.Justice.”  We read in chapter 1: “Understanding the Drug Problem in America,”

chapter 2: “Understanding the Drug Problem in Global Perspective,” chapter 3: “Drug-Control Policy in America.” The following week’s “Complete” assignment will reflect material covered in the aforementioned chapters.

 

For your Unit 1 Complete assignment, write a narrative essay (minimum 1200 words) in which you address and discuss the questions and statements listed below. Use at least three scholarly sources and remember to demonstrate a thorough understanding of the READ and ATTEND sections from the textbook in your essay. Cite your sources in 7th edition APA format.

  • Define Narco-terrorism
  • Select one organization you believe to be the most dangerous to our global society and explain why.

Unit 1: Drugs in Society

Discuss:

Explain/discuss the below topics in detail. Response must be 250-300 words, with 2 sources. The textbook can count as one source. Use Chapters 1,2, and 3 for information as well as other sources. Use 7th Edition APA format when citing. See further instructions on attachment #1.

 

Society draws a line between licit and illicit drugs and how they are dealt with. Talk about some examples and describe situations where the use of licit drugs can result in abuse. Alcohol is the obvious one, but look beyond that with some examples. What substance classified as a “drug” is the most surprising to you.

The materials discuss the global “industry” called the drug trade. The “industry” is a mammoth one no matter how one describes it. Suggest some non-traditional ideas for what can be done to dismantle this “industry”. Think about prior approaches the illicit organizations and how effective they were, and also think outside of the box, so to speak, and suggest other approaches.

JUS 455 Final Project: Case Study Ethical Analysis

                                                                                                       Overview
If you are going to work at any position in the criminal justice system, you will be faced with ethical dilemmas. This is a fact that you cannot change or control. What you can control is how you react to those situations. One wrong reaction could cost you your career. In today’s society, our actions are constantly being monitored. Now more than ever, justice workers’ actions are being called into question. While you are expected to do the right thing when others are watching, the true test of character is what you do when no one is watching.

In the final assessment, you will play the role of criminal justice worker depicted in one of the three scenarios below. You will use the skills gained in this course to properly identify the legal dilemma(s), identify the facts relevant to each dilemma, and describe the course of action you would take and why. Additionally, you will identify what personal values you may call upon in making a decision, what duties you have based on the situation, and whether or not those values and
duties are in conflict.

This assessment addresses the following course outcomes:

 Analyze changes in society for determining their impact on ethics in law enforcement
 Analyze moral foundations for their impact on ethics in the United States
 Assess the role of society for its impact on creating or changing laws
 Assess ethical boundaries of a criminal justice employee for determining an effective course of action when confronted with ethical dilemmas

The project is supported by three formative milestones, which will be submitted at various points throughout the course to scaffold learning and ensure quality final submissions. These milestones will be submitted in Modules One, Two, and Five. The final paper will be submitted in Module Seven.

Scenario #1
Joe is a corrections officer in a juvenile detention center and works on a unit housing 15 offenders, many of whom suffer from mental health problems. Joe has worked there for about two months. He feels comfortable with his job and has been accepted by the other staff members. He has not had any significant problems with the juveniles and is generally enjoying his work.

It is lunchtime on Monday, and Joe is in the dining room supervising the juveniles as they eat. At one table sit six juveniles, one of whom is a 17-year-old named Brian, whom Joel thinks has a mental disability. Brian is displaying offensive behavior that is so bad that Joe cannot eat his own meal. Brian keeps adding ketchup in vast quantities to every dish, then slurping it from the plate. Brian uses his hands instead of a fork. Brian talks with his mouth full, causing him to spit his food across the table in front of the other juveniles. Joe can see that the other juveniles are repulsed by Brian’s behavior and are getting upset by his actions.

Joe is surprised to see his coworker and mentor Darren suddenly get up from where he is seated, go over to Brian, grab him by his shirt, and move him away from the table. Darren takes Brian off to the kitchen and returns with a large mixing bowl. In front of everyone, Darren tells Brian to scrape out what is left of his meal into the large bowl. Darren then takes Brian to the center of the dining room floor, puts the bowl of food on the floor, and tells him to eat. Darren tells Brian that he has disgusting manners, and if he is going to act like an animal while eating, he may as well get down on the floor like a dog and eat from his bowl. Darren tells Brian to stay on the floor and lick his bowl clean, like the animal that he is. The other juveniles are visibly upset at what Darren has done.

Joe does not do or say anything to Darren while this is going on, though he is taken aback by his coworker’s actions. Later, Darren explains to Joe and other staff who were present that the reason he acted this way was to shock Brian into understanding that his table manners were inappropriate. Darren thought if he used “tough love” on Brian that he would be less likely to act that way in the future.

Scenario #2
You are working the midnight shift as a police officer. You receive a call to respond to a one-car accident where the car left the roadway and impacted with a tree. Upon your arrival, you see the badly damaged car up against the tree. There are no skid marks apparent and no witnesses around. You approach the car and find the apparent driver behind the wheel. You immediately recognize the driver to be the mayor of your town. You immediately notice signs that the mayor is impaired by alcohol, including the smell of an alcoholic beverage coming from his breath, the slurring of his speech, and the lethargy he is exhibiting. The mayor tells you that he swerved to avoid a dog, lost control and hit the tree. The mayor is not injured. When you ask the mayor if he has consumed alcohol, he
tells you that he was at retirement dinner and only had one glass of wine. The mayor asks you to just complete an accident report and give him a ride home. You question him further, telling him you are concerned that he was driving while impaired. The mayor tells you that he is not impaired and not to worry about anything because you never actually saw him driving. The mayor goes on to tell you that he will not say anything to anyone, and he lets you know that he has a
lot of influence with what goes on at the police station and that he has had his eye on you as an up-and-comer. You know that you could just complete an accident report identifying the cause of the accident as swerving to avoid an animal in the roadway. If you do not tell anyone that the mayor was drinking and he does not tell anyone, what is the worst that could happen?

Scenario #3
You are a new officer. An armed robbery takes place on your route where the store clerk has been stabbed and you respond with numerous other, more experienced officers. At the scene, you and another experienced officer find a car parked in an odd manner, adjacent to the store that got robbed. One officer reviews the surveillance footage and is able to broadcast a description of the suspect. You run the license plate on the car you found and learn that the owner matches the general description of the suspect. Additionally, you learn that the registered owner of the car only lives a couple of blocks away. You and the more experienced officer respond to this address to attempt to locate the car owner and see if they were involved. When you get to the apartment of the registered owner, you notice that the lights are on within the apartment and you can hear noises coming from within. No one responds to your knocks on the door. You radio this information into the shift commander and ask permission to kick the door in based upon the circumstances. The shift commander radios back that you should not enter, and to secure the apartment until detectives arrive. Your more experienced partner becomes upset and states that he is not going to let the detectives make his arrest.

With that, he kicks the door in and you both enter the apartment and locate the car owner. Ultimately, the officer who observed the suspect on surveillance video comes to the apartment and positively identifies this person as the person who committed the armed robbery. He is taken into custody. Detectives arrive on the scene. Your partner tells the detectives that the door was partially opened and that the suspect eventually came to the door where he was identified. Your partner also tells the detectives that they may want to get a search warrant as there is a bloodied knife under the mattress in the bedroom. Detectives get a search warrant and do find the knife. Your partner tells you that he will take care of the report. In the report, he documents the story outlined above, including that the suspect ultimately came to the door. He also leaves out the fact that he searched around inside the apartment, finding the knife before the detectives got to the scene. The case has proceeded to trial, and you are aware that the defendant’s lawyer has filed a motion to suppress evidence, stating that the police made an illegal entry by kicking their way into the apartment. The prosecutor says there is nothing to worry about because the report clearly indicates that the door was partially open, and that the defendant willingly opened the door and came out after a short period. What do you do?

Prompt
Pick one of the scenarios to address: You should recognize a variety of ethical dilemmas as you read through this case study. Identify each ethical dilemma. Explain what the dilemma is and why it raises an ethical issue. Explain which facts are important to understanding the nature of the issue. What ethical theories would you rely upon in determining how to best handle each situation? Identify what personal values you may call upon in making a decision as to how to handle the situation. What duties are involved in the situation, and to who or what is the duty owed? Do the duties conflict at all, and if so, how?

Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:

I. Ethics and Society Overview
a. Describe the impact society has on ethical behavior in law enforcement. Use specific examples to support your claim.
b. Determine why it is important that society has a say on ethical expectations within law enforcement. Why is it important for law enforcement to
listen?
c. Explain the relationship between society and the development of law. Defend your response with specific examples.
d. Assess the importance of society’s role in the development of law. Why is it important for lawmakers to listen?
e. Analyze the relationship between morality and ethics within American law enforcement.
f. Explain how society’s changing views may impact ethical guidelines within American law enforcement. Defend your response.

Select one (1) of the scenarios and answer the following questions.

II. Scenario
Select one (1) of the scenarios and answer the following questions.
a. Identify the ethical dilemmas raised by the facts and explain what the ethical dilemma is.
b. What makes this dilemma ethical? What ethics does this dilemma challenge?
c. Describe the factors that led to the dilemma. How can these factors inform your course of action?
d. What implications should be considered when determining your course of action? Why?

III. Ethical Theories and Personal Values
a. Identify the ethical theory you would rely upon to address this dilemma, and describe why it would be effective.
b. How do you separate personal morals from ethics, and why is this important?
c. When is it appropriate to let your morals guide your actions? Why?

IV. Duties
a. Describe your course of action if you were faced with this dilemma. Why would this reaction be appropriate and effective?
b. What is your responsibility as a professional in this scenario? Defend your response.
c. Does your ethical responsibility take precedence over your personal views? What do you do if the two are conflicting?
d. Identify the impact of society’s changing views of acceptable behavior as it applies to a criminal justice practitioner’s duties.

Milestones
Milestone One: Scenario Selection
In Module One, you will review the Final Project Rubric and, in a paragraph, state which scenario you will use for your final project. Explain your reasons for choosing this scenario and identify what you think will be most difficult for you with this project. This milestone is graded with the Milestone One Rubric.

Milestone Two: Scenario Overview Short Paper
In Module Two, you will describe the ethical dilemma chosen to support your final project in a 1–2 page short paper. This milestone is graded with the Milestone Two Rubric.

Milestone Three: Theories, Values, and Duties Short Paper
In Module Five, you will describe the theories, personal values, and personal responsibilities as it relates to your selected scenario in a 2–3 page short paper. This milestone is graded with the Milestone Three Rubric.

Final Submission: Case Study Ethical Analysis
In Module Seven, you will submit your final case study ethical analysis. In this final submission, you will identify the issue and explain the proper action that should be taken utilizing the tools gained through this course. Also, you will recommend agency policies to put in place to prevent these ethical dilemmas from arising in the first place. This submission will be graded using the Final Project Rubric (below). JUS_455_Final_Project_Guidelines_and_Rubric Download

Week 2 Assignment – Journal: Report Writing Skills

Part 1
Research a criminal justice career that you plan to move toward in the next year. (become a paralegal)

Locate and review the types of reports that you most likely will be required to use on a daily basis. Examine one type of report and be prepared to discuss it in your reflection this week.

Part 2
Examine the types of reports that you researched this week and complete the following:

Identify the career you researched and describe one type of report that you may be required to write while on the job.

Outline the essential skills of report writing that you think are the most important. Discuss the strategies or resources that might be helpful to improve these skills.

Police Administration – Unit 1

For your Unit 1 Complete section assignment, write an essay (minimum of 1,200 words and at least three scholarly sources) in which you address the questions below.  Your essay should also incorporate both the READ and ATTEND sections of Unit 1 and you MUST cite your sources in 7th Edition APA format.
  • Describe the four dimensions of community policing.  What is the effect each of these four dimensions have on police administration?
  • Read Case Study 3, “Strategic Planning in Spokane, Washington”.  Provide a thorough description of Chief Mangan’s approach to organizational change and community policing.  Was he successful?
  • Officers make many decisions on a daily basis that are based on policies or laws.  However, there are many occasions when the officer has the ability to use discretion.  What are the reasons officers will exercise discretion?  What other factors affect an officer’s decision?  Since all officers may apply discretionary powers in a different way, should the ability to exercise discretion be taken away?
  • What activities do you think of when you think of the nature of police work? Since police work has be fictionally glamorized in television series, books, and movies, do you believe it has helped the image of police officers or has it possibly harmed or hampered the abilities of the police to do their jobs without criticism.