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Police Administration – Unit 1

For your Unit 1 Complete section assignment, write an essay (minimum of 1,200 words and at least three scholarly sources) in which you address the questions below.  Your essay should also incorporate both the READ and ATTEND sections of Unit 1 and you MUST cite your sources in 7th Edition APA format.
  • Describe the four dimensions of community policing.  What is the effect each of these four dimensions have on police administration?
  • Read Case Study 3, “Strategic Planning in Spokane, Washington”.  Provide a thorough description of Chief Mangan’s approach to organizational change and community policing.  Was he successful?
  • Officers make many decisions on a daily basis that are based on policies or laws.  However, there are many occasions when the officer has the ability to use discretion.  What are the reasons officers will exercise discretion?  What other factors affect an officer’s decision?  Since all officers may apply discretionary powers in a different way, should the ability to exercise discretion be taken away?
  • What activities do you think of when you think of the nature of police work? Since police work has be fictionally glamorized in television series, books, and movies, do you believe it has helped the image of police officers or has it possibly harmed or hampered the abilities of the police to do their jobs without criticism.


Purpose of Assignment The purpose of this assignment is to differentiate between law and ethics, understand how both affect today’s business environment, and identify the importance of alternative dispute resolution in business. Assignment Steps Develop a 1,050-word summary contrasting law and ethics describing the following: Describe how laws or regulations affect your past or current job or industry.Describe how ethical rules affect your past or current job or industry and explain why ethics are considered an asset to a workplace.Discuss the various types of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) and analyze which types of ADRs are regularly used in your workplace.Cite a minimum of two peer-reviewed references. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

Six Rights of the Consumer

Business and SocietySix Rights of the ConsumerIdentify, research and discuss the six rights of the consumer, as well as why each one is important.
The requirements below must be met for your paper to be accepted and graded:Write between 750 – 1,250 words (approximately 3 – 5 pages) using Microsoft Word in APA style, see example below.Use font size 12 and 1” margins.Include cover page and reference page.At least 80% of your paper must be original content/writing.No more than 20% of your content/information may come from references.Use at least three references from outside the course material, one reference must be from EBSCOhost. Text book, lectures, and other materials in the course may be used, but are not counted toward the three reference requirement.Cite all reference material (data, dates, graphs, quotes, paraphrased words, values, etc.) in the paper and list on a reference page in APA style.References must come from sources such as, scholarly journals found in EBSCOhost, CNN, online newspapers such as, The Wall Street Journal, government websites, etc. Sources such as, Wikis, Yahoo Answers, eHow, blogs, etc. are not acceptable for academic writing.  

A detailed explanation of how to cite a source using APA can be found here (link).  

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Each of the required two responses to your classmates (or instructor) must be a minimum of “200 words” in length. 4. Discuss the extent of security’s growth in this country. What are some of the reasons for the professionalization of the field of private security?The growth of security in the US has come about for many reasons.  The one main idea that can culminate all the arguments in the text is “necessity”. I say that because it was. Whether it was out of a need reduce stolen goods where the cost of the stolen goods outweighs the cost of the protection or for legal reasons.  It’s all about the bottom line for a company. Companies are in the business of making money in some form or fashion.  Not all are profit makers but all must make enough to break even or there is no reason to be in business.  That being said, security has grown for the need to not only protect the physical property, but also the proprietary property.  As long as the costs of security are less than the cost of losing that property it will continue to grow. At any time the costs do not provide a benefit, the company must reevaluate their security policy.  The other part of this besides the necessity is just being proactive to protect intellectual property.  That’s because intellectual property is worth millions to certain companies. So protecting these things is definitely worth spending the money.  A prime example from the news on what seems a daily basis is the Chinese hacking US companies, trying to gain there intellectual property.    2. What are the differences between proprietary and contractual security services?The main difference is whether they are or directly work for the company or they are another firm contracted to provide the security.  Many think that contracting out is a great way to save money on overhead and they would be correct. However, from personnel experience in dealing with contract personnel, it’s hard to discipline or enforce changes after contracts have been signed.  In other words they do not have a lot of “direct” flexibility for change.  If they are proprietary, they can adapt easier but the cost of each person is much higher.  You also tend to get better quality personnel with proprietary compared to the usually high turnover ratio with contract personnel. This is not to say that contract services are as costly but overall they are.  The one exception to all of this if you have been around government contracts, the government requires contractors to provide certain benefits to each worker, but instead of the company picking up the cost, its billed to the government for payment.3. How important is a college education in obtaining a position as a security manager?It is a fact that according to all the statistics quoted in text, companies pay more and the higher manager positions require at least bachelor’s degree at a minimum. Its also a fact that many of the security positions have a basic requirement of a degree in security.  That doesn’t mean that a combination of education and experience doesn’t help.  For example a soldier in the military that works as a police officer or Criminal investigator may not have the college education but has been educated through specific security education combined with OJT training to meet the same requirements or end outcome.This education is really important with it comes to things like internet security and the higher end jobs.  However the lower end contract jobs to rove around a parking lot do not require college education.  This is also not to say that someone that starts in the parking lot can’t move up the chain of command to become an executive in security.  A prime example (not the same field) is the new Secretary of State Rex Tillerson.  He started out at the bottom and worked his way to the top. Fischer, Robert, Edward Halibozek, and David Walters. Introduction to Security, edited by Robert Fischer, et al., Elsevier Science, 2012. ProQuest Ebook Central, .______________________________________________________________________________second oneChapter 1 – Question 3: How do you believe the events of September 11, 2001 impacted the changes occurring in the private security/law enforcement relationship?I believe that for starters September 11th opened the eyes of the American public to the fact that the threat is real. People started realizing that there was a need for more security and that law enforcement could not feed that need. Private security is a much more preventive force whereas law enforcement is more of a reactive force in these situations. When that was realized, it opened the door for much more private security.As more private security was used law enforcement was forced to start working with them. The amount of private security personnel quickly overtook the amount of law enforcement which forced them to start playing nice. “The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that there were 1.2 million protective services employees in 2009 compared to public police officers who numbered 641,590.” (Fischer, p. 13) As the need for security increased the two started working almost interchangeably at major venues and throughout the country. They learned to work together out of necessity and built a working relationship that was vital.Chapter 2- Question 4: What are the advantages and disadvantages of using contractual security services?There are many different advantages to using contractual security services. One of the main ones, and I would say the number one reason that companies go with them over proprietary is the cost. Contract security officers can be hired off the street and paid a very minimal wage. The contracting company hires large groups at a time and trains them all at once to save money, which in turn makes them cheaper for other companies to use.Using contract officers also relieves the company of having to deal with all the buildup of a security company. They do not have to recruit, train, or manage their security personnel, that is on the contractor. Along the same lines, they can change the number of officers needed at will. For example, if on a typical day they need 10 officers but they need 100 for a week based on some type of security issue going on they do not have to go out and hire 90 more, they can reach out to the contracting service and get 90 more for that week.The major disadvantage is the quality of the security personnel. Like I stated above, contract firms often go out and hire a large number of personnel at cheap rates and have a high turnover rate. That does not lead to people sticking around long enough to get good at the job. If you do not have people that are experienced it is easy for them to miss things and cause a security issue.One of the other major disadvantages is that they are not loyal to the company. These contract officers are loaned out to companies and they are strictly there for a paycheck. While it doesn’t happen everyday, it is possible for that to cause problems. For example, if a minimum wage contract security guard is confronted and offered a large sum of money to turn his back while someone steals something he is more likely to do so.Chapter 3- Question 3: How important is a college education in obtaining a position as a security manager?Speaking strictly from personal experience, it is absolutely a necessity. While most jobs will not have a degree listed as a requirement, just preferred, I have been turned down many times for my lack of one. Recently I applied for a security manager position at a company and was turned down, even with my 6+ years of security management experience, for a kid straight out of college with no experience, but a degree.After speaking to a hiring manager about it, he said that the security field is becoming so competitive that now companies can be more selective and believe personnel with degrees have a better capacity for learning the job. I have to say that I highly disagree with that, but that is the way it is going. So again, a college education is extremely important in obtaining a position as a security manager.

DF 10 Business Law

On page 311 of your text book, you are introduced to the concept of a “letter of credit.”  A letter of credit is often used in international business transactions to help insure payment.  Here is a link from the U.S. Export-Import Bank that takes you through the steps in a letter of credit:  www.exim.gov/smallbusiness/moreinfo/Letter-of-Credit-vs-Open-Account.cfm (Links to an external site.) (right click, new tab).  With the advent of digital technology, increasingly, even small businesses are becoming global in scope.  If you had a sale transaction for $1M, would you utilize a letter of credit?  What if you knew the customer and were satisfied with their credit?  Would you consider selling product on “open account”?  Does your answer depend on where you might be shipping your products?

You’re the Judge

You’re the JudgeThis week, you are a judge in a federal district court where a man has been charged with possessing and distributing cocaine. The police obtained the evidence of his drug possession and sale by searching his home. Police arrived at the defendant’s house without a warrant, and the defendant and his wife were at home. The officers knocked, and the wife answered the door and consented to the search. The defendant objected to the search. The defendant has filed a motion to have the evidence excluded from his trial. Decide if the evidence should be admitted, and provide the best arguments both the prosecutor and defendant can make to win the motion.

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Case Study 2: I Pledge Allegiance to the FlagDue Week 9 and worth 200 pointsReligion and Politics have traditional been highly debated topics in our society. Recently, the Pledge of Allegiance has added to this debate.American citizens have generally recited the Pledge of Allegiance at important ceremonies ranging from presidential inaugurations to the beginning of the school day. The pledge has a great deal of sentimental value to many Americans, but also creates a great deal of controversy for others.  Review the Supreme Court case Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow, which highlights the debate.Write a five to eight (5-8) page paper in which you:Summarize the salient points of the Supreme Court case Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow.Discuss the levels of the court through which the case evolved before it reached the Supreme Court. Explain the decision of the Supreme Court in this case in brief.Explain the fundamental impact that the court decision in question has had on American society in general and on ethics in American society in particular. Provide a rationale for the response.Discuss whether you believe that the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance is a religious issue or a sign of respect for the United States.Discuss whether or not you think public schools should be allowed to recite the pledge. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:Examine the current ethical issues inherent throughout the criminal and civil justice systems.Describe the dispensation of justice through the criminal and civil justice systems.Use technology and information resources to research issues in the criminal court and the judicial process in America.Write clearly and concisely about the American court system using proper writing mechanics and APA style conventions.Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.

Criminology Module 4 CETERIS

In this module, we examined crimes against persons, crimes against property, and white-collar crimes. These crimes are all treated differently by the legislature as well as the media. These differences are a reflection of how society views them. As you consider these differences, you should also consider how these differences have evolved over time.Tasks:Prepare a 3- to 5-page report that describes all of the following points:The differences in the treatment of each type of crime by the legislature. Explore the different crime levels (misdemeanor vs. felony) and different punishments.The differences in the descriptions utilized by the media. How does the media depict the different types of criminals? Have there been any changes?The differences in the theoretical applications for these types of crimes. How do the theories differentiate between these types of criminal behavior?