Write a 200- to 300-word response in which you describe the distinctions between jails and prisons. Address the following in your comparison:Identify the four types of prisons.Explain the concept of prison as a total institution.Explain why jails play an important role in the criminal justice system.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.
Here’s What Happened . . . The murder of Cindy Jones, a young woman, stunned the community in Centervale. Five years ago, a young woman was found strangled to death in her car outside a grocery store in Centervale. For the past five years, the Centervale Police Department (CPD) has worked tirelessly to develop leads toward the identification of a suspect. Last year, the CPD officials got a break when the State Crime Lab notified the lead detective that the DNA sample recovered from the purse strap found around Jones’s neck indicated the involvement of Jason Rivers.The District Attorney’s (DA’s) office has never had a case like this before. Jones came from an honorable family in the community and Rivers is a mentally challenged, middle-aged man who lives with his father far from the grocery store. Rivers had been arrested more than twenty-five times before the death of Jones. Centervale detectives have surmised that Rivers happened to be in the area of the grocery store where he supposedly encountered Jones.Upon arrest, Rivers was found to be incompetent to proceed to trial and a judge remanded him to a state custody. Recently, doctors at the State Mental Health Hospital sent a notice that Rivers was no longer suffering from the effects of substance abuse and is competent to stand trial. A judge ruled in accordance with the doctors and the case was put on the docket for trial.During jury selection, the voir dire consisted of questions about how potential jurors felt about law enforcement-related TV shows. During the presentation of the case, the State introduced the jury to the DNA evidence and other important physical evidence in the case. Rivers did not take the stand and the defense rested on the claim that Rivers’s DNA got on the purse strap when he accidently bumped into Jones at the checkout lane of the grocery store while she was putting groceries into her grocery cart.The defense also attacked the CPD because a former detective who worked on the Jones crime scene was convicted of domestic violence and assault on a female since the murder.The defense also called into question the credibility and integrity of the former detective because he was alleged to have been romantically interested in Jones before her death. In fact, Jones had spoken with a CPD official, off the record, about the harassing phone calls she received from the former detective, although nothing was done by the department to stop the calls.Here Is What You Need to Do . . .You are an intern working in the DA’s office. The DA has asked you to help him assemble information about current trends in criminal justice that relate to the Jones murder case.Using in-text citations to cite all sources that are linked to a corresponding reference on a separate page of the report, compose a 5- to 6-page report using APA format, addressing the following: Compare and contrast the current trends surrounding the murder of Jones and violent crimes against individuals in the U.S. In addition, identify and discuss issues surrounding the mentally challenged and crime, specifically violent crimes against individuals. Support your position with empirical research from academic sources.Define and discuss the CSI effect. What challenges might the court face as a result of the CSI effect? Identify and analyze two challenges that the prosecution might face and two challenges that the defense might experience due to the influence of the CSI effect in the courtroom.Evaluate the importance of credibility and integrity of law enforcement professionals. Analyze and discuss the role a law enforcement officer’s off-duty behavior plays in the establishment of his or her credibility and integrity in the courtroom. Compare and contrast the issues in the Jones murder case with a similar case you find online.Based on what you know about the criminal justice system’s current trends in the courts and corrections, predict the outcome of the trial of Rivers. If Rivers is convicted of first-degree murder, then mention the type of sentence he might face.Use your state’s statute as a guideline for sentencing structure in this type of case.Compare your state’s general sentencing guideline with another state’s sentence for first-degree murder.Submission Details:Save the report as M3_A2_Lastname_Firstname.doc.Grading Criteria and RubricAll LASAs in this course will be graded using a rubric. This assignment is worth 200 points. Download the rubric and carefully read it to understand the expectations.Assignment 2 Grading Criteria Maximum PointsCompared and contrasted the current criminal justice trends surrounding the murder of Jones and violent crimes against people in the U.S. Identified and discussed issues surrounding the mentally challenged and crime, specifically violent crimes against people. Supported position with empirical research from academic sources.40Defined and discussed the CSI effect. Identified possible challenges faced by the court as a result of the CSI effect. Identified and analyzed two challenges that the prosecution might face and two challenges that the defense might experience due to the influence of the CSI effect in the courtroom.40Evaluated the importance of credibility and integrity of law enforcement professionals. Analyzed and discussed the role a law enforcement officer’s off-duty behavior plays in the establishment of his or her credibility and integrity in the courtroom. Compared and contrasted the issues in the Jones murder case with another case on at least one similar feature.40Predicted the outcome of the Jason Rivers trial. Used a state’s statute as a guideline for sentencing structure in this type of case to compare another state’s sentence for first-degree murder.36Writing components:Organization (12)Usage and mechanics (12)APA elements (16)Style (4)44Total:200
Serial, mass, sensational, and spree murders add to the complexity of murder investigations. In this Case Study, you will choose one type of murder (listed below), and provide one example/name of a murderer that falls into this category. ? Serial murder ? Mass murder ? Sensational murder ? Spree murder For example, you may choose serial murder and your example could be Ted Bundy. In this case, you would describe a serial murderer and detailed reasons why Ted Bundy is in this category. Begin with an introduction detailing the type of murderer you have chosen. Explain in detail the definition/characteristics of this type.In succeeding paragraphs, introduce the person you have chosen as an example. Give his or her name, a brief description of his or her background, crimes committed, his or her capture, and sentencing. Your Case Study should be at least 2 pages in length and written in APA format. r
Assume that the higher on this chart the case is the more expensive it is for all parties.
Write a memo ona state (not federal) level business dispute. Describeas if you were writing a “white paper” for your boss who wants to know how a case like the one you have chosen would be processed throughout the various legal phases in a state court system.
Because most cases never make it to trial, it is also important to consider alternative methods of dispute resolution. Suppose your selected case was initially submitted to ADR. What methods of ADR would be available to pursue? Which of these ADR methods do you think would be the most appropriate? Why?
Required elements:Discuss the differences in costs and benefits of going through traditional litigation and pursuing ADR in this case (Consider for example, why one of the parties in the case you’re looking at may have preferred keeping the case out of court).No more than 700 words.Format is consistent with APA guidelines.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.
DF8 – The Theory of Efficient Breach 44 unread replies.44 replies. In law and economics, there is a well known theory called the “theory of the efficient breach. Under this theory, an efficient breach is a voluntary breach of contract and payment of damages by a party who concludes that they would incur greater economic loss by performing under the contract. For more information on this topic, check out this Wikipedia page: Efficient Breach (Links to an external site.)For example, let’s say alpha contracts with beta to buy iron for $1000 per ton on May 1. Beta’s cost of the iron is expected to be $850. As it turns out, Gamma has a bunch of excess iron he needs to get rid of and offers it to alpha for $500 per ton. Under the theory of efficient breach, alpha should breach the contract with beta and not take delivery, and consummate the deal with gamma. Alpha can then pay beta the $150 of profit beta would have received and alpha’s overall cost becomes $650 per ton rather than $1000 per ton. Everybody wins. Right? As a result of this theory, punitive damages are not available in a typical breach of contract in most states, even where the breach is deliberate and willful. This is one of the major differences between contract and tort law (i.e., the availability of punitive damages). But does this theory of efficient breach seemingly ignore the moral obligation of performing a contract and keeping one’s word? Or should we as a society continue to encourage people to breach a contract if it turns out that the payment of damages is a more cost effective outcome? What are your thoughts on this legal theory? Has a policy like this placed little economic value on morality? Do you think punitive damages should be available for breach of contract? DF9 – Privacy and Prizm (Ch. 17) 33 unread replies.33 replies. Last year, we learned of the National Security Agency (NSA) “Prizm” program. Prizm is an Internet surveillance program collects data from online providers including e-mail, chat services, videos, photos, stored data, file transfers, video conferencing and log-ins. In confirming its existence, government officials have said that the program, called Prizm, is authorized under a foreign intelligence law that was recently renewed by Congress, and maintained that it minimizes the collection and retention of information incidentally acquired about Americans and permanent residents.Proponents of the Prizm program say it is necessary to guard the country against terrorist threats. Critics of the program say it is further evidence of an alarming and ever-widening surveillance state. Here is a link to an article in the NYT: Verizon Prizm Article NYT (Links to an external site.)Recently, a federal court judge held that the Prizm program was unconstitutional: news.yahoo.com/judge-deals-nsa-defeat-bulk-phone-collection-192817730.html (Links to an external site.)Where do you come out on the Prizm program? Explain. Here is an interview with Edward Snowden who blew the “whistle” on the NSA and Prizm. It is largely a dry interview, but you may find the detail interesting: www.youtube.com/watch (Links to an external site.) (right click, new tab).In a rare interview, CBS was able to gain access to the NSA and here is their response to Prizm and Mr. Snowden: www.cbsnews.com/news/nsa-speaks-out-on-snowden-spying/
Criminal Justice: Am I Free to Leave?In a 3-4 paper, using your own words and APA formatting, examine the difference between a voluntary statement and a custodial interrogation. Using at least two relevant court cases, be certain to address when and how a voluntary statement can become a custodial interrogation.
You have just been appointed as the new court administrator for a medium sized court system with approximately 75 employees and 5 full-time courts. This is a new position for the courts, as in the past each individual court has primarily managed itself, except for the employee hiring process, which was completed through the County Human Resource Division. Upon taking your post, you quickly find out that none of the courts seem to be willing to cooperate with each other, or for that matter, any of the other various county offices, such as the County Clerks Office and the District Attorneys Office. Rumors and gossip about mismanagement abound, and the communications process between the five courts appears to be at a stand still. The courts currently have a huge backlog of cases awaiting trial, and in addition, employee morale is low and the turnover rate high.How would you respond to the turnover problem that?In 3-4 paragraphsResearch the Internet and find 3 instances involving police misconduct. This may be an instance where the police were in violation of rules or procedures mandated by the police department, an instance of criminal misconduct, or an example of unlawful use of force against a citizen.Briefly give a summary of the 3 situations in your own words. Do not cut and paste an article into the Discussion Board.Provide your own analysis of what could be done to avoid future instances of this conduct for each of your articles.Support your viewpoints from your readings and other appropriate outside sources.
CJUS300ScenarioCindy Hart is 23 years of age. She was born on 6/11/86, the fourth child born to Betty Hart (born 6/1/66) and Barney Hart (born 4/11/55). Her father, Barney Hart, was an alcoholic who drank daily and recently passed away from cirrhosis of the liver. Mr. Hart was extremely violent with his wife and his children. He repeatedly beat his wife throughout the marriage and was often violent with the children. Cindy and her three siblings were taken from the custody of their parents several times during their formative years because of their father’s drinking, domestic violence, and their mother’s inability to protect them. Cindy likely bore the brunt of her father’s alcoholism and family violence because she was the youngest of her siblings, and her father’s alcoholism was severe for the last 12 years before his death. Cindy’s father could not hold a job because of his alcoholism, and her mother did not work, so the family had limited funds and finances were always a source of great strain and tension. Cindy’s mother was ineffectual and inept as a parent. She allowed repeated beatings of the children by Mr. Hart. Her mental health is questionable.Her older siblings are Noah, age 25; Colleen, age 26; and Laura, age 28. Noah is currently incarcerated after recently being found guilty of drug trafficking. He is to serve a 40-year sentence. Colleen has six children; three of whom have been removed by Child Protective Services (CPS) because of issues involving drugs, inadequate supervision, and her recent arrests for prostitution. Laura, who is the most stable of the siblings, is married, has one child, and is working full-time as a physician assistant. She has no ties with her siblings or her mother.Cindy Hart has never been married and has two children: Benjamin, age 5 and Luke, age 3. The children have different fathers and neither father is involved on a regular basis with either child. Cindy is receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) (i.e., welfare) and Medicaid as health insurance for the children. She lives in an apartment in a crime-ridden, rundown neighborhood. She did not complete high school and did not graduate with her class but instead she dropped out in the 11th grade. She had a series of drug binges during this period. She eventually did receive her GED and is very proud of that fact because only her sister Laura graduated.Cindy works part-time in a day care center as an aide. She has a history of mental health treatment, which includes two psychiatric hospital stays (one at the age of 15 and the other at the age of 21). She currently takes antidepressant medication, has a dual diagnosis (DSM-IV-TR diagnosis plus a substance abuse diagnosis), and has very few social supports. She sees her psychiatrist monthly for medication consults but has missed her last two appointments. She also sees her social worker for ongoing mental health counseling twice per month but has missed her last two appointments.Luke, her 3-year-old son, was recently diagnosed with autism, and Ben, her 5-year-old son, was diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome at the age of 3 (2 years ago). Because she has not followed through with appointments, referrals, services for the children, and additional evaluations of the children, CPS has recently become involved. Cindy is in denial about her children’s special needs. She does not send Ben to school on a regular basis, and the school has notified the authorities.Assume for purposes of this scenario that the state this scenario takes place in has a criminal statute that states parents can be charged with a misdemeanor when they do not ensure their child’s attendance at school under the compulsory education laws of the state. Cindy has been charged with this misdemeanor, and the court has released her to pretrial diversion.After reviewing the above scenario of Cindy Hart, do the following:Discuss how this pretrial diversion worker would serve as a case manager in this situation.Include 4 specific tasks the pretrial worker might do as the case manager for Ms. Hart. (e.g., referral).When commenting on other posts, explain why you would agree or disagree with the other students method of how the pretrial diversion worker should serve as a case manager in the situation.
You are the owner of a small retail business whose employees interact with the public daily. You employ around 85 people, both fulltime and part-time. You are aware of various types of workplace violence, and you wish to be proactive and prevent it as much as possible. How would you evaluate your company for risks? Design a plan for the prevention of workplace violence.
Your project paper should be a minimum of 1,000 words. Use information from at least one other reputable source in addition to your textbook. Use APA format for the paper as well as all source citation